Primary Motility  Disorders of the  Esophagus
 The Esophageal
 Esophagogastric  Junction

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Volume: The Esophageal Mucosa
Chapter: Newborn and children

176. How to separate the spitters from the serious refluxers in infants?
S.G. Jolley (Las Vegas)

177. What are the boundaries between physiologic and pathologic reflux in relation to age in infancy?
S.R. Orenstein (Pittsburgh)

178. When does the maturation process really occur?
S.R. Orenstein (Pittsburgh)

179. In infancy, the symptoms may take special forms
M. Bellaiche, M.A. Maspoli, A.L. Lapeyraque, N. Boige, P. Foucaud (Versailles)

180. Are the histologic changes associated with reflux different in adults and children?
D.A. Antonioli (Boston)

181. What is the contribution of scintigraphy in gastroesophageal reflux in children
C. Maurage, F. Baulieu, N. Faure, K. Dieckmann, J.C. Rolland (Tours)

182. Are reflux-related strictures in children different from those in adults?
N. Meadows (London)

183. For how long should medical treatment be continued?
S.R. Orenstein (Pittsburgh)

Publication date: May 1994 OESO©2015