Primary Motility  Disorders of the  Esophagus
 The Esophageal
 Mucosa
 The
 Esophagogastric  Junction
 Barrett's
 Esophagus
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OESO©2015
The Esophagogastric Junction OESO
Primary Motility Disorders of the Esophagus
450 questions
450 answers


Contributors

N.K. ALTORKI, MD
Assistant Professor of Surgery, Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, The New York Hospital Medical Center, New York, USA
E. ANCONA
Professor of Surgery Istituto Di Semeiotica Chirurgica, Padova, Italy
D. ANDRESEN
Department of Cardiology, Klinikum Steglitz, Berlin, Germany
H.D.APPELMAN, MD
Professor of Pathology, University of Michigan Hospitals, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
A.APPIGNANI
Department of Pediatric Surgery, University of Bologna, Italy
M.C. AUMONT
Professor of Cardiology, H˘pital Bichat, Paris VII University, France
J.P. BADER
Professor of Gastroenterology, H˘pital Henri Mondor, Paris-Val-de-Marne University, France
F. BALDI
Department of Gastroenterology, Policlinico S. Orsola, University of Bologna, Italy
J. BANCEWICZ, FRCS
Department of Surgery, University of Manchester Hope Hospital, Salford, UK
J. BAULIEUX
Professor of Surgery, H˘pital de la Croix-Rousse, Lyons, France
G. BEAUCHAMP, MD, FRCS (c)
Associate Professor of Surgery, University of Montreal, H˘pital Maisonneuve Rosemont, Quebec, Canada
A. BEL
Professor of Medicine, H˘pital de la Croix-Rousse, Lyons, France
R.H. BELSEY MS, FRCS, FRCSI (Hon)
Emeritus Professor of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Bristol University, UK
S.B. BENJAMIN, MD, FACP
Professor of Medicine and Chief Division of Gastroenterology, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, Maryland, USA
LXV
K. BIELEFELDT, MD
Department of Gastroenterology, Heinrich Heine University, Dusseldorf, Germany
J.N. BLACKWELL, FRCP
Consultant Physician, Whiteabbey Hospital, Newtownabbey, UK
N. BOIGE
Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology, H˘pital Robert DebrÚ, Paris VII
University, France
T.C. BOMBECK, MD
Professor of Surgery, University of Illinois, Chicago, Illinois, USA
G. BOMMELAER
Professor of Medicine, Centre d'Hepato Gastroenterologie, Hotel Dieu Clermont-Ferrand, France
M. BORTOLOTTI
Istituto di Clinica Medica e Gastroenterologia, University of Bologna, Italy
O. BOUCHE
Department of Gastroenterology, H˘pital Robert DebrÚ, Reims, France
Ph. BOUTELIER
Professor of Surgery, H˘pital Jean Verdier, Bondy, Paris, France
H.W. BOYCE Jr MD
Professor of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida, USA
I. BRAGHETTO
Department of Surgery, Gastrointestinal Unit, University of Chile, Santiago, Chile
C.G. BREMNER, MB, ChB (Wits), ChM (Wits), FRCS (Eng), FRCS (Edin) Professor of Surgery, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
R. BUMM
Department of Surgery, Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany
G. CADIOT
Department of Gastroenterology, H˘pital Bichat, Paris VII University, France
R.O. CANNON, III, MD
Senior investigator and Head Cardiovascular Diagnosis Section, Cardiology branch, Washington, Maryland, USA
P. CARAYON
Professor of Gastroenterology, H˘pital, Jean Minjoz, Besanšon, France
G. CARGILL
77 rue Vergniaud, Paris
J.A. CASTELL, MD
Division of Gastroenterology, Jefferson Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University Philadelphia, Pensylvania, USA
D.O. CASTELL, MD
Professor of Medicine and Director, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology,
Jefferson Medical College, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pensylvania,
USA
I. CECCONELLO
Digestive Surgery Division, Sao Paulo University School of Medicine, Sao Paulo SP, Brazil
J. CHRISTENSEN, MD
Professor of Gastroenterology, University of Iowa Hospitals, College of Medicine, Iowa City, Iowa, USA
G. CHAMPAULT
Professor of Surgery, H˘pital Jean Verdier, Bondy, Paris, France
S. CHAUSSADE
Department of Gastroenterology, H˘pital Cochin, Paris V University, France
R.E. CLOUSE, MD
Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Washington
University, St Louis, Missouri, USA
E. CORAZZIARI
Department of Gastroenterology, University « La Sapienza », Policlinico Umberto 1, Rome, Italy
D. COUTURIER
Professor of Gastroenterology, H˘pital Cochin, Paris V University, Paris, France
J.R. CRIST, MD
Gastroenterology Division, Beth Israel Hospital, Harvard Medical School,
Boston, Massachusetts, USA
A. CSENDES, MD, FRACP
Professor of Surgery, Gastrointestinal Unit, University of Chile, Santiago, Chile
R.O. DANTAS, MD
Department of Medicine, University of Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto, SP, Brazil
A. DEL GENIO
Professor of Surgery, Division of Esophageal Surgery, Policlinico, Naples University, Naples, Italy
P. DELASSALE
Hepato Gastroenterology Center, Clermont-Ferrand, France
M. DELVAUX
Department of Gastroenterology, H˘pital de Rangueil, Toulouse, France
TR. DeMEESTER, MD, FACS
Professor and Chairman, Department of Surgery, Creighton University, Omaha,
Nebraska, USA
Ph. DENIS
Professor of Gastroenterology, Physiology Unit, H˘pital Charles-Nicolle, Rouen, France
J. DENT, MB BChir, MA, PhD, FRACP, MRCP
Professor and Director, Gastroenterology Unit, Royal Adelaide Hospital, Adelaide,
Australia
D.A. DIEBOLD
Department of Pathology, H˘pital Robert DebrÚ, Reims, France
N. DI MARTINO
Division of Esophageal Surgery, Policlinico, Naples University, Naples, Italy
WJ. DODDS, MD
Professor of Radiology and Medicine, College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA
Ph. E. DONAHUE, MD
Professor of Surgery and Chairman, Division of General Surgery, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA
M.W. DONNER, MD
Professor of Radiology, The Johns Hopkins University, School of Medicine,
Baltimore, Maryland, USA
Ph. DUCROTTE
Department of Medicine, H˘pital Charles-Nicolle, Rouen, France
B. DUPIN-NIZARD
H˘pital Ambroise-ParÚ, Marseilles, France
A.C. DURANCEAU, MD, FRCS (c), FACS
Professor of Surgery, University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
RJ. EARLAM
Consultant Surgeon, The London Hospital, Medical College, University of London,
London, UK
E. ECTORS
Department of Pathology, University Ziekenhuizen, Leuven, Belgium
O. EKBERG
Department of Radiology, Hospital of the University of Pensylvania, Philadelphia, Pensylvania, USA
FH. ELLIS Jr, MD, PhD
Professor and Chief, Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Lahey Clinic, Boston,
Massachusetts, USA
C. EMDE, MD
Division of Gastroenterology, Klinikum Steglitz, Berlin, Germany
P. ENCK
Department of Gastroenterology, University of Dusseldorf, Germany
L. ENGELHOLM
Professor of Radiology, IMC d'lxelles, Brussels, Belgium
J. ESCOURROU
Professor of Gastroenterology, H˘pital de Rangueil, Toulouse, France
LXVIII
J. FASS
Department of Surgery, Technical University of Munich, Germany
M.K. FERGUSON
Professor of Thoracic Surgery, University of Chicago, Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois, USA
H. FEUSSNER
Department of Surgery, Technical University of Munich, Germany
J. FOURNET
Professor of Gastroenterology, CHRU de Grenoble, France
J. FREXINOS
Professor of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, H˘pital de Rangueil, Toulouse, France
T. FRIELING, MD
Department of Physiology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA
P. FUENTES
Professor of Surgery, H˘pital Ste Marguerite, Marseilles, France
M. GALLIERA, MD
Department of General Surgery, Policlinico Hospital, University of Milan, Italy
L. GALLONE, MD
Professor of Surgery and Surgical Pathology, Policlinico Hospital, University of Milan, Italy
K. GEBOES
Department of Pathology, University Ziekenhuizen, Leuven, Belgium
P. GEHANNO
Professor of Otorhinolaryngology, H˘pital Bichat, Paris VII University, France
M. GIGNOUX
Professor of Surgery, H˘pital Cote de Nacre, Caen, France
M. GILLET
Professor of Digestive Surgery, H˘pital Jean Minjoz, Besanšon, France
R. GIUDICELLI
Department of Digestive Surgery, H˘pital Ste Marguerite, Marseilles, France
R. GIULI, MD, FACS, FCCP
Professor of Surgery, Department of Digestive Surgery, H˘pital Beaujon, Paris VII
University Clichy, Paris, France
A. GOSSELIN
Department of Clinical Investigation Digestive System, H˘pital Pontchaillou,
Rennes, France
M. GOSSELIN
Professor of Gastroenterology, H˘pital Pontchaillou, Rennes, France
G. GOZZETTI
Professor of Surgery, Istituto di Clinica Chirurgica e Cardiochirurgia, University of Bologna, Italy
R. GOURGON
Professor of Cardiology, H˘pital Bichat, Paris VII University, France
J. CH, GRIMAUD
Department of Hepato-Gastroenterology, H˘pital Nord, Marseilles, France
J.R. GRUWEZ
Professor of Surgery, University Ziekenhuizen, Leuven, Belgium
M. GUELRUD, MD
Department of Gastroenterology, Hospital General del Oeste, Caracas, Venezuela
J. GUERRE
Professor of Gastroenterology, H˘pital Cochin, Paris V University, France
G.M. HAMBRAEUS
Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, University Hospital of Lund, Sweden
T.P.J. HENNESSY, Mch, FRCS, FRCS (1)
Department of Clinical Surgery, University of Dublin, St James Hospital, Eire, Ireland
E. HIDALGO PASCUAL
Department of Digestive Surgery, Hospital 12 de Octubre, Madrid, Spain
CA. HIEBERT, MD, FACS
Chairman, Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Maine Medical
Center, Portland, Maine, USA
L.D. HILL
General Vascular and Thoracoesophageal Surgery, Seattle, Washington, USA
W. HOHENBERGER
Professor of Surgery, University of Erlangen-NŘrnberg, Germany
A.H. HOLSCHER
Departement of Surgery, Technical University of Munich, Germany
C. IASCONE, MD
Professor of Surgery, Istituto di Clinica Generale, University of Rome, Italy
G.G. JAMIESON, MB, MS, FRACS, FACS
Professor of Surgery, and Chairman, Department of Surgery, University of
Adelaide, Royal Adelaide Hospital, Australia
H.D. JANISCH, MD
Division of Gastroenterology, St Franziskus Hospital, Hamburg, Germany
J. JANSSENS, MD
Professor of Gastroenterology, University of Ziekenhuizen, Leuven, Belgium
K. JEYASINGHAM, ChM, FRCSE, FRCS
Department of Thoracic Surgery, Frenchay Hospital, Bristol, UK
R. JIAN
Professor of Gastroenterology, H˘pital St-Louis, Paris VII University, France
S.G. JOLLEY, MD
Pediatric Surgery, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
B. KAADA, MD
Professor of Neurophysiology, Rogaland Central Hospital, Stavanger, Norway
M. KATSCHINSKI
Internal Medicine Gastroenterology Unit, University of Marburg, Germany
M.D. KAYE, MD
Professor of Gastroenterology, Frank Clinic, Honolulu, Hawai, USA
A. KESHAVARSIAN, MD, FACP
Gastroenterology Division, Loyola University, Medical Center, Maywood, Illinois, USA
R.R. KLINGMAN
Department of Surgery, Creighton University, School of Medicine, Omaha,
Nebraska, USA
G. KJELLEN, MD, PhD
Department of Otolaryngology University Hospital, Kalmar, Sweden
E. LA FONTAINE
Department of Thoracic Surgery, Hotel Dieu, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
R. LAMBERT
Professor of Hepato-Gastroenterology, H˘pital Edouard Herriot, Lyons, France
B. LAUNOIS, MD, FACS
Professor of Surgery, H˘pital Pontchaillou, Rennes, France
P. LEGMANN
Department of Radiology, H˘pital Louis Mourier, Colombes, France
G. LEPSIEN
Department of Surgery, University of G÷ttingen, Germany
T. LERUT, MD, FACS
Professor of Surgery, University Ziekenhuizen, Leuven, Belgium
M. LEVESQUE
Professor of Radiology, H˘pital Louis Mourier, Colombes, France
J. LEYMARIOS
Department of Gastroenterology, H˘pital Beaujon, Paris VII University, Clichy,
Paris, France
D. LIEBERMANN MEFFERT, MD
Department of Surgery and Experimental Surgery, Technical University of Munich, Germany
A.G. LITTLE, MD
Department of Surgery, University of Nevada, School of Medicine, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
J.M. LLAMAS ELVIRA
Department of Radiology, University of Cordoba, Cordoba, Spain
D.E. LOW, MD, FRCS(c)
Regional Department of Thoracic Surgery, East Birmingham Hospital,
Birmingham, UK
R.W. MCCALLUM, MD, FACP, FRACP (Australia), FACG
Professor of Medicine, Chief of the Division of Gastroenterology, Health Sciences Center, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, USA
V. MAFFETONE
Division of Esophageal Surgery, Policlinico, Naples University, Italy
O. MALAFAIA, MD, PhD
Consultant Surgeon Curitiba, Parana, Brazil
E. MALIKOVA
Department of Gastroenterology, H˘pital Bichat, Paris VII University, France
G. MANTION
Professor of Digestive Surgery, H˘pital Jean Minjoz, Besanšon, France
S. MATTIOLI
Department of Surgery, Policlinico S. Orsola, University of Bologna, Italy
J. MEBIS
Department of Pathology, University Ziekenhuizen, Leuven, Belgium
E.H. METMAN
Professor of Internal Medicine, H˘pital Trousseau, Tours, France
P. MEUNIER
Department of Gastroenterology, H˘pital Edouard-Herriot, Lyons, France
M. MIGNON
Professor of Gastroenterology, H˘pital Bichat, Paris VII University, France
Y. MINAIRE
Professor of Gastroenterology, H˘pital Edouard-Herriot, Lyons, France
A. MORALDI
Professor of Surgery, University of Rome, Italy
E. MORENO GONZALEZ, MD
Professor of Surgery, Head Digestive Surgery Department, Hospital 12 de Octubre, Madrid, Spain
J. NAVARRO
Professor of Pediatric Gastroenterology, H˘pital Robert DebrÚ, Paris VII University, France
K. NYGAARD, MD, PhD
Department of Surgery, Ullevaal Hospital, Oslo, Norway
L.D. NYHUS, MD
Professor of Surgery, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA
M.B. ORRINGER, MD
Professor and Head Section of Thoracic Surgery, University of Michigan Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
DJ. OTT, MD
Department of Radiology, The Bowman Gray School of Medicine, Wake Forest University, Winston Salem, North Carolina, USA
Y. OTTIGNON
Department of Gastroenterology, H˘pital Jean Minjoz, Besanšon, France
G. PAPPALARDO
Professor of Surgery, University of Rome, Policlinico Umberto I, Rome, Italy
R. PARC
Professor of Digestive Surgery, H˘pital St Antoine, Paris VII University, France
F. PARIS
Professor of Surgery, Chief Division of Thoracic Surgery, Hospital « La Fe », Valencia, Spain
Ch. PARTENSKY
Professor of Digestive Surgery, H˘pital Edouard-Herriot, Lyons, France
W.S. PAYNE, MD, FACS
Professor of Thoracic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA
W. PELEMANS
Chief Division of Geriatrics, University Hospital St Pieter, Leuven, Belgium
C. PERA, MD, Hon, FRCS, ENG
Professor of Surgery, Hospital Clinic Provincial, University of Barcelona, Spain
H.W. PINOTTI, MD, FACS
Professor of Surgery, Head Digestive Surgery Department, Medical School, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil
E. PONETTE
Department of Radiology, University Ziekenhuizen, Leuven, Belgium
SJ. QUALMAN, MD
Department of Pathology Children's Hospital, Ohio State University, Columbus,
Ohio, USA
J.F. REY
Hepato-Gastroenterology, Institut Arnault Tzanck, St Laurent-du-Var, France
M. RIBET
Professor of Surgery, H˘pital Albert Calmette, Lille, France
C. RICCI
Professor of Thoracic Surgery, Policlinico Umberto I, University of Rome, Italy
J.E. RICHTER, MD
Professor of Medicine, Director of Clinical Research, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Alabama, USA
A. ROPERT
Department of Hepato-Gastroenterology, H˘pital Pontchaillou, Rennes, France
LXXIII
G. ROVIARO, MD, FCCP
Associate Professor of Surgery, Ospedale Maggiore, University of Milan, Italy
C.O.H. RUSSEL, MB, ChB, MS, FRACS
Department of Surgery, Prince Henry's Hospital, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia
C. ROZE
Unity of Biology and Physiology, INSERM, Paris VII University, France
P. ROZEN
Department of Gastroenterology, Ehias Souraski Medical Center, University of Tel Aviv, Israel
J. SALDUCCI
Professor of Gastroenterology, H˘pital Nord, Marseilles, France
C. SCARPIGNATO
Institute of Pharmacology, Ospedale Maggiore, Parma, Italy
J. SCHNEIDER
Department of Surgery, Eberhard Karls University, Tubingen, Germany
V. SCHUMPELICK, MD
Professor of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Aachen, Germany
P. SEGOL
Department of Digestive Surgery, H˘pital Cote de Nacre, Caen, France
J.R. SIEWERT
Professor and Head Department of Surgery, Technical University of Munich,
Germany
D.B. SKINNER, MD, DSc Hon, FACS
Professor of Surgery, President of the New York Hospital, New York, USA
M. STARLINGER
Department of Surgery, Eberhard Karls University, Tubingen, Germany
HJ. STEIN, MD
Department of Surgery, Creighton University, Omaha, Nebraska, USA
G. STROHMEYER
Department of Internal Medicine, Heinrich-Heine University, Dusseldorf, Germany
J.M. SUDUCA
Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, H˘pital de Rangueil,
Toulouse, France
A. TAJANA
Professor of Surgery, Ospedale Maggiore, University of Milan, Italy
C. THEODORE
Department of Gastroenterology, Centre Medical de Forcilles, Ferolles-Atilly, France
E. TIOMNY
Department of Gastroenterology, Ehias Souraski Medical Center, University of Tel Aviv, Israel
K. THOR
Department of Surgery, Ersta Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden
J.A. THORPE
Department of Thoracic Surgery, Northern General Hospital, Sheffield, UK
L. TIBBLING
Otorhinolaryngology, Clinical Research Center, University Hospital, Linkoping, Sweden
H.W. TILANUS, MD, PhD
Department of General Surgery, University Hospital, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
J.Y. TOUCHAIS
Department of Gastroenterology, Physiology Unit, H˘pital Charles-Nicolle, Rouen,
France
C. TREMOLADA
Professor of Surgery, Ospedale Civile, Venice, Italy
G. VANTRAPPEN, MD
Professor of Medicine and Head Department of Internal Medicine, Ziekenhuizen University, Leuven, Belgium
F. VEIGA FERNANDES
Professor of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Lisbon, Portugal
M. VEYRAC
Department of Gastroenterology, H˘pital St-Eloi, Montpellier, France
H. VIARD
Professor of Surgery, H˘pital du Bocage, Dijon, France
G.H. WILLITAL
Professor of Surgery, Pediatric Surgical University Clinic, Munster, Germany
P. ZEITOUN
Professor of Gastroenterology, H˘pital Robert-DebrÚ, Reims, France
B. ZILBERSTEIN
Digestive Surgery Division, Sao Paulo University School of Medecine, SP, Brazil


Publication date: May 1991 OESO©2015