Primary Motility  Disorders of the  Esophagus
 The Esophageal
 Mucosa
 The
 Esophagogastric  Junction
 Barrett's
 Esophagus
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OESO©2015
The Esophagogastric Junction OESO
Barrett's Esophagus
250 questions
250 Answers


Contributors

Roger ACKROYD, MBChB, MD, FRCS, FRCSEd
Upper GI Surgery, Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Sheffield, UK
Hiroshi AKIYAMA, MD, FACS(Hon), FRCS(Hon)
President, Toranomon Hospital, Tokyo, Japan
Angela ANGGIANSAH, PhD
Esophageal Motility & GERD, Esophageal Laboratory, Dept of Surgery, Guy's Hospital, London, UK
Peter S. AMENTA, MD, PhD
Chairman, Department of Pathology, UMDNJ/Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, NJ, USA
Donald A. ANTONIOLI, MD
Professor of Anatomic Pathology, Director of Residency Program GI Pathology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA
Henry D. APPELMAN, MD
Professor of Surgical Pathology, The University of Michigan Hospitals, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
Hugo ASTE, MD
Professor of Gastroenterology, Institute of Oncology, San Martino Hospital, Genoa, Italy
Stephen E.A. ATTWOOD, FRCS
Consultant Surgeon, Esophageal & Gastric Surgery, Hope Hospital, Salford, UK
Young-Tae BAK, MD
Division of Gastroenterology, Korea University, Guro Hospital, Seoul, Korea
Simmy BANK, MD
Professor of Medicine, Chief, Gastroenterology Division, Long Island Jewish Medical Center, New Hyde Park, NY, USA
Jeffrey L. BARNETT, MD
Associate Professor of Internal Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
Hugh BARR, MD, ChM, FRCS, FRCSE
Professor & Consultant Surgeon, Gloucestershire Royal Hospital, Gloucester, UK
Duncan M. BEARDSMORE, MRCS
Surgical Research Fellow, Department of Surgery, St James University Hospital, Leeds, UK
David G. BEER, PhD
Associate Professor and Director Thoracic Surgery, Tumor Biology Laboratory, The University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
Leslie H. BERNSTEIN, PhD
Professor Biostatistics & Epidemiology, Senior Associate Dean for Faculty Affairs, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
Serhat BOR, MD
Gastroenterology, Edge University Medical School, Izmir, Turkey
H. Worth BOYCE Jr, MD
Professor of Medicine and Director Center for Swallowing Disorders, University of South Florida College of Medicine, Tampa, FL, USA
Italo BRAGHETTO, MD, FACS
Professor of Surgery, Department of Surgery, University Clinical Hospital, Jose Joachin Aguirre,
Santiago, Chile
Cedric G. BREMNER, MD, FRCS, FACS
Professor of Clinical Surgery, Director of Clinical Research, USC Healthcare Consultation Center,
Los Angeles, CA, USA
Ross M. BREMNER, MD, PhD
Department of Surgery, USC Healthcare Consultation Center, Los Angeles, CA, USA
Markus Wolfgang BÜCHLER, MD
Professor of Surgery, Department of Visceral & Transplantation Surgery, Inselspital, Bern,
Switzerland
Patricio BURDILES, MD
Department of Surgery, University Clinical Hospital Jose J. Aguirre, Santiago, Chile
Martin CALDWELL, MD, FRCSI
Department of Surgery, Sligo General Hospital, Sligo, Ireland
Alan J. CAMERON, MD
Professor of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA
Marcia Irene CANTO, MD, MHS
Assistant Professor of Medicine, Director, Therapeutic Endoscopy, Endoscopic Ultrasonography, The
Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD, USA
Alan G. CASSON, FRCSC
Professor of Surgery, Division of Thoracic Surgery, Health Sciences Center, Halifax, Canada
Donald O. CASTELL, MD
Professor and Chaiman, Gastroenterology & Hepatology, Medical University of South Carolina,
Charleston, SC, USA
June A. CASTELL, MD
Department of Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA
Ivan CECCONELLO, MD
Professor of Digestive Surgery, University of Sao Paolo, Sao Paulo, Brazil
Parakrama T. CHANDRASOMA, MD (Sri Lanka), MRCP (UK)
Professor of Pathology, Department of Surgical Pathology, LAC+USC Medical Center, Los Angeles,
CA, USA
Maria Paula CHAVES, MD
Anatomy, Pathology Department, Institute of Oncology F. Gentil, Lisbon, Portugal
Gregorio CHEJFEC, MD
Professor of Pathology & Medicine, Department of Pathology, University of Illinois, Chicago, IL,
USA
Jacques CHIPPONI, MD
Professor of Surgery, Hôtel-Dieu University Hospital, Clermont Ferrand, France
Geoffrey W.B. CLARK, BSc, MD, FRCS
Senior Lecturer, Consultant Surgeon, Esophageal and Gastric Surgery, St James University Hospital,
Leeds, UK
Jean-Marie COLLARD, MD
Professor of Surgery, Esophageal & Gastric Surgery, University Clinics Saint-Luc, Brussels, Belgium
Massimo CONIO, MD
Istituto Nazionale per lo Studio e la Cura, dei Tumori, Milan, Italy
Manoel CONSTANT-NETO, MD
Esophageal Surgery, Hospital San Lucas, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
Sandro CONTINI, MD
Associate Professor of Surgery, School of Medicine & Dentistry, University of Parma, Parma, Italy
Brian T. COOPER, MD, FRCP
Gastroenterology Unit, City Hospital NHS Trust, Birmingham, UK
Attila CSENDES, MD, FACS
Professor of Surgery & Chairman, Department of Surgery, University Clinical Hospital Jose Joaquin Aguirre, Santiago, Chile
Jan DANIS, MD, PhD
Department of Surgery, General Public Hospital, Haimburg /Donau, Austria
Thomas DEHN, MS, FRCS
Consultant Surgeon, Laparoscopic, Esophageal & GI Surgery, Royal Berkshire Hospital, Reading, UK
Steven DeMEESTER, MD
Assistant Professor, Cardiothoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, USC, Los Angeles, CA, USA
Kenneth R. DeVAULT, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine, Director of Gastrointestinal Research, Mayo Clinic Jacksonville, Jacksonville, FL, USA
Jacques DEVIERE, MD
Professor of Gastroenterology, Free University of Brussels, Erasme Hospital, Brussels, Belgium
Mark D. DUNCAN, MD Chief of Surgical Oncology, Assistant Professor of Surgery, Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, Baltimore, MD, USA
F. Henry ELLIS Jr, MD, PhD
Clinical Professor of Surgery Emeritus, Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA
Mitsuo ENDO, MD
Emeritus Professor of Surgery, 1st Department of Surgery, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan
Jacques ETIENNE, MD
Gastroenterologist, Endoscopy, Laser, Paris, France
Gary W. FALK, MD
Department of Gastroenterology, Center for Swallowing & Esophageal Disorders, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH, USA
Martin FEIN, MD
Department of Surgery, University Clinics, Würzburg, Germany
Roberto FERRARIS, MD
Department of Gastroenterology & Digestive Endoscopy., Mauriziano Hospital, Turin, Italy
Lance J. FERRIN, MD
Division of Gastroenterology, University of Minnesota School of Medicine, Minneapolis, MN, USA
Rebecca C. FITZGERALD, MD, MRCP
Digestive Disease Research Center, St Bartholomew's and the Royal London School of Medicine, London, UK
Ronald FRIED, MD
Department of Gastroenterology, University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland Karl Hermann FUCHS, MD, PhD Professor of Surgery, University Clinics., Würzburg, Germany
Harinder S. GAREWAL, MD, PhD
Professor of Medicine & Medical GI Oncology, Chief, Hematology-Oncology Section, VA Medical Center, Tucson, AZ, USA
Brice GAYET, MD
Professor of Surgery, Institut Mutualiste Montsouris, Paris, France
Karel GEBOES, MD
Professor of Pathology, University of Leuven, University Hospital, Leuven, Belgium
Robert M. GENTA, MD
Professor of Pathology, Medicine and, Microbiology and Immunology, CHUV, Geneva, Switzerland
Marc GIOVANNINI, MD
Chief Oncology Unit & Endoscopy Unit, Paoli-Calmettes Institute, Marseilles, France
S. GORE, MD, FRCP Consultant Gastroenterologist, East Somerset NHS Yeovil Distric Hospital, Yeovil, UK
Louis H. GRIFFEL, MD
Assistant Professor of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, UMDNJ/Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, NJ, USA
Jeffrey A. HAGEN, MD
Assistant Professor of Surgery, Thoracic Surgery Section, USC, Los Angeles, CA, USA
Ulrich HALM, MD
Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine II, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany
Stanley R. HAMILTON, MD
Professor of Pathology & Oncology, Head, Division of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine, The University of Texas, MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA
Basil I. HIRSCHOWITZ, MD
Professor of Medicine and Physiology, Division of Gastroenterology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA
Arnulf H. HÖLSCHER, MD
Professor of Surgery and Chairman, Department of Surgery, University of Cologne Medical Center, Cologne, Germany
Haruhiro INOUE, MD
Chief, Endoscopy Surgery, First Department of Surgery, Tokyo Medical & Dental University, Tokyo, Japan
Lawrence F. JOHNSON, MD, FACP
Professor of Medicine, Director, Esophageal Program and Gastroenterology Laboratory, Harrison Research Building, Birmingham, AL, USA
Mark H. JOHNSTON, MD, FACP
Assistant Professor of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, National Naval Medical Center, Bethesda, MD, USA
S.S. KADIRKAMANATHAN, FRCS
Senior Lecturer, Honorary Consultant Surgeon, Academic Unit of Medical and Surgical Gastroenterology, The Homerton Hospital, London, UK
Werner K.H. KAUER, MD
GI Surgery, Reflux Disease, Department of Surgery, Clinic Rechts der Isar, Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany
Baljeet S. KAUR, PhD
Gastroenterology Section, Palo Alto Veterans Affairs Health Care System, and Stanford University
School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA
Tatsuyuki KAWANO, MD
Associate Professor of Surgery, Tokyo Medical & Dental University Hospital, Tokyo, Japan
Ali KESHAVARZIAN, MD
Professor of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Rush-Presbyterian Medical Center,
Chicago, IL, USA
Elizabeth C. KLINKENBERG-KNOL, MD, PhD
Department of Gastroenterology, Free University Hospital, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Herbert KOOP, MD
Professor of Gastroenterology, IInd Department of Medicine, Buch Clinic, Berlin, Germany
Ernst J. KUIPERS, MD, PhD
Professor of Gastroenterology, Department of Gastrointestinal & Liver Disease, Academic Hospital
Dijkzigt, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Jesper LAGERGREN, MD, PhD
Division of Surgery, Karolinska Institute, Danderyd Hospital, Danderyd, Sweden
Runa LASCAR, MD
Department of Medicine, Detroit Medical Center and Wayne State University School of Medicine,
Detroit, MI, USA
Gregory Y. LAUWERS, MD
Department of Pathology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA
Jeffrey R. LEE, MD, FACS, FCAP, FASCP
Assistant Professor of Pathology, Institute of Molecular Medicine & Genetics, Medical College of
Georgia, Augusta, GA, USA
David A. LIEBERMAN, MD
Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, V.A. Medical Center, Portland, OR, USA
Ruud J.L.F. LOFFELD, MD, PhD
Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, De Heel, Zaandam, The Netherlands
Thomas M. LOUGHNEY, MD
Gastroenterology Clinic, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, DC, USA
Markku LUOSTARINEN, MD
Esophageal Surgeon, Päijät-Häme Central Hospital, Lahti, Finland
Colin K. MacKAY, FRCS
University Department of Surgery, Glasgow Royal Infirmary, Glasgow, Scotland, UK
Norman E. MARCON, MD, FRCP (C)
Division of Gastroenterology, The Wellesley Hospital, Toronto, ON,Canada
Jean-Pierre MARMUSE, MD
Professor of Surgery, Bichat-Claude Bernard University Hospital, Paris, France
Iain G. MARTIN, MEd, MD, FRCS
Professor of Surgery, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, South Auckland Clinical School,
Auckland, New Zealand
Sandro MATTIOLI, MD
Associate Professor of Surgery, Intensive Care & Organ Transplantation, University of Bologna,
Bologna, Italy
XLVII
Richard W. McCALLUM, MD
Professor of Medicine & Director, Division of Gastroenterology-Hepatology, KUMC, Kansas City,
KS, USA
Michel MIGNON, MD
Professor of Gastroenterology &, Nutrition, Bichat/Claude-Bernard University Hospital, Paris,
France
Enzo MOLINA, PhD
Professor of Pharmacology, Associate Professor of Biostatistics, School od Medicine & Dentistry,
University of Parma, Parma, Italy
Elizabeth A. MONTGOMERY, MD
Associate Professor of Pathology, Department of Pathology, The Johns Hopkins University Hospital,
Baltimore, MD, USA
Gareth Paul MORGAN, MD
Department of Public Health, Iechyd Morgannwg Health, Swansea, UK
James D. MUELLER, MD
Department of Surgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA
Yoko MURATA, MD
Department of Endoscopy, Institute of Gastroenterology, Tokyo Women's Medical College, Japan
Dhiren NEHRA, Mphil, FRCS
Consultant Surgeon (Upper GI), St Helier Hospital, Carshalton, UK
Robert D. ODZE, MD, FRCP (C)
Associate Professor of Pathology, Director, Pathology Division, Brigham and Women's Hospital,
Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
Susan R. ORENSTEIN, MD
Professor of Pediatrics, Director, Pediatric Gastroenterology, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh,
Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Gerald C. O'SULLIVAN, MCh, FRCSI
Department of Surgery, Mercy Hospital, Cork, Ireland
Bergein F. OVERHOLT, MD, FACP, FACG
Medical Director, Laser Department, Thompson Cancer Survival Center, Knoxville, TN, USA
Masoud PANJEHPOUR, PhD
Research Scientist, Laser Department, Thompson Cancer Survival Center, Knoxville, USA
Pascual PARRILLA PARICIO, MD
Professor of Surgery, Chief, Department of Surgery, University Hospital Virgen de la Arrixaca,
Murcia, Spain
Manuel PERA, MD, PhD
Gastrointestinal Surgery, Institute of Digestive Diseases, Hospital Clinic, University of Barcelona
Medical School, Barcelona, Spain
Thierry PERNICENI, MD
Digestive Surgery, Institut Mutualiste Montsouris, Paris, France
Charles E. POPE II, MD
Professor Emeritus, University of Washington Medical Center, Seattle, WA,USA
Dawn PROVENZALE, MD
Professor of Medicine, Director, GI Outcomes Research., Duke University Medical Center, Durham,
NC, USA
Stig RAMEL, MD, PhD
Section for Minimally Invasive Surgery, Department of Surgery, Huddinge University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden
Joel E. RICHTER, MD, FACP, FACG
Professor and Chairman, Department of Gastroenterology, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH, USA
Robert H. RIDDELL, MD
Professor of Pathology and Molecular Medicine, Department of Pathology, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada
Jarmo A. SALO, MD HUCH
Dept of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
Richard E. SAMPLINER, MD
Professor of Medicine, Chief, Section of Gastroenterology, University of Arizona Health Sciences Center, Tucson, AZ, USA
Jerzy SAROSIEK, MD, PhD
Research Professor of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, KUMC, Kansas City, KS, USA
Vincenzo SAVARINO, MD
Professor of Gastroenterology, Gastroenterology Unit, University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy
Carmelo SCARPIGNATO, MD, DSc (Hons), PharmD (h.c.), FCP, FACG
Professor of Pharmacology & Therapeutics, Associate Professor of Gastroenterology, School of Medicine & Dentistry, University of Parma, Parma, Italy
Melvin SCHAPIRO, MD, FACG
Professor of Gastroenterology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
Martin Karl SCHILLING, MD
Visceral & Transplantation Surgery, Inselspital, Bern, Switzerland
V. SCHUMPELICK, MD, PhD
Professor of Surgery, Department of Surgery, Aachen University of Technology, Aachen, Germany
Prateek SHARMA, MD
Professor of Medicine, Director of Clinical Research, V.A. Medical Center Kansas City, MO, USA
Neil A. SHEPHERD, MD
Professor of Pathology, Head of the Department of Histopathology, Gloucestershire Royal Hospital, Gloucester, UK
Alain SIBILLE, MD
Gastroenterology, Notre-Dame & Reine Fabiola Hospital, Charleroi, Belgium
Jörg Rüdiger SIEWERT, MD, FACS
Professor of Surgery, Department of Surgery, Clinic Rechts der Isar, Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany
Pentti SIPPONEN, MD
Professor of Pathology, Department of Pathology, Jorvi Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
Kristin A. SKINNER, MD
Assistant Professor of Surgery, USC Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, Los Angeles, CA, USA
André J.P.M. SMOUT, MD
Professor of Gastroenterology, Department of Gastroenterology, University Hospital Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Stephen J. SONTAG, MD, FACG, FACP
Professor of Medicine, Department of Gastroenterology, V. A. Hospital, Hines, IL USA Rhonda F. SOUZA, MD Assistant Professor of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, V. A. Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA
Stuart Jon SPECHLER, MD
Professor of Medicine, Chief, Division of Gastroenterology, V. A. Medical Center, Dallas,TX, USA
Jean SPENARD, PhD
Program Director, Clinical Research, Axcan Pharma Inc., Mont Saint-Hilaire, (Quebec) Canada Pasquale SPINELLI, MD Professor of Gastroenterology, Director Endoscopy Department, Istituto Nazional per lo Studio e la Cura, dei Tumori, Milan, Italy
Hubert J. STEIN, MD
Department of Surgery, Clinic Rechts der Isaar, Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany
Albrecht STIER, MD
Department of Surgery, Clinic Rechts der Isaar, Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany
Christopher J. STODDARD, MD
Consultant Surgeon, Esophagogastric Surgery, Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Sheffield, UK
Manfred STOLTE, MD
Professor of Pathology, Institute of Pathology, Bayreuth, Germany
John M. STREITZ Jr, MD
Thoracic Surgery, Duluth Clinic, Duluth, MN, USA
Albert C. SVOBODA Jr, MD
Senior Scientist Gastroenterology, Sansum Medical Research Institute, Santa Barbara, CA, USA
Lee L. SWANSTRÖM, MD, FACS
Clinical Professor of Surgery, Oregon Health Sciences University, Medical Director, Minimally Invasive Surgery, Portland, OR, USA
Ronald D. SZYJKOWSKI, MD
Gastroenterology Service, Health Science Center, State University of New York, Syracuse, NY,USA
Jörg THEISEN, MD
Department of Surgery, Clinic Rechts der Isar, Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany
Hugo W. TILANUS, MD, PhD
Professor of Surgery, Gastrointestinal Surgery & Liver transplantation, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
T. Lok TIO, MD, PhD
Professor of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, DC, USA
Nelia A. TOBEY, Ph.D
Research Associate, Professor of Medicine, Tulane University Medical Center, New Orleans, LA, USA
Vesa TOIKKANEN, MD
Thoracic & Cardiovascular Surgery, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
Gervais TOUGAS, MD, CM, FRCPC
Associate Professor of Medicine, Director, Motility Laboratory, McMaster Medical Center, Hamilton, ON, Canada
George TRIADAFILOPOULOS, MD
Professor of Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Chief Gastroenterology Section, Palo Alto Veterans Affairs Health Care System, Palo Alto, CA, USA
Guido N.J. TYTGAT, MD
Professor of Gastroenterology, Department of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Harushi UDAGAWA, MD, FACS
Chief, Department of Digestive Surgery, Toranomon Hospital, Tokyo, Japan
Jan J.B. VAN LANSCHOT, MD, PhD
Department of Surgery, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Michael VIETH, MD
Institute of Pathology, Bayreuth, Germany
Markku VOUTILAINEN, MD
Department of Internal Medicine, Central Hospital, Jyvaskyla, Finland
Thomas N. WALSH, MD, MCh, FRCSI
Consultant Surgeon, James Connolly Memorial Hospital, Dublin, Ireland
Helen H. WANG, MD, PhD
Director of Cytopathology, Department of Pathology, Harvard Medical School, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA
J. Patrick WARING, MD
Assistant Professor of Gastroenterology, Digestive Healthcare of Georgia, Atlanta, GA, USA
Anthony WATSON, MD, FRCS, FRACS
Professor of Surgery, Princess Grace Hospital, London, UK
David Ian WATSON, MBBS, MD, FRACS
Director, The Royal Adelaide Center for Endoscopic Surgery, Senior Consultant Surgeon, Royal Adelaide Hospital, Adelaide, SA, Australia
Irving WAXMAN, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine, Director of Endoscopy, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX, USA
Allan P. WESTON, MD
Professor of Medicine, Gastroenterology Section, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Kansas City, MO, USA
Bastiaan P.L. WIJNHOVEN, MD
Gastrointestinal Surgery & Liver transplantation, Dijkzigt Hospital, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Col. Roy K.H. WONG, MD
Chief, Gastroenterology Service, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, DC, USA
Giovanni ZANINOTTO, MD
Professor of Surgery, Department of Surgical and Medical Science, University of Padova Medical School, Padova, Italy

 

Publication date: August 2003 OESO©2015